There is A ruche a pleat of fabric much . Ruching is the result of several equally spaced pleats across an expanse of fabric, making loose gathers. Ruches are similar to pleats, plaits and pintucks, which started at the neckline of women’s fashions and on quilts.
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The French phrase “ruche“literally translates as “beehive,” possibly because ruched fabric resembles all the equally spaced cells of a hive.
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To ruche a fabric, a sewer slips a thread through a couple layers of fabric and then pulls the thread to collect the layers into a pucker.
Picture a girl’s dress on which elastic thread is used to ruche the fabric at the torso, to provide some flexibility and room for expansion.
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A pleat is a collect in a bit of fabric, typically ironed level, and also a tuck is a collect that’s sewn flat. A dart is a wrought iron tuck, also sewn flat. Ruched fabric has a superb loose attic to it.