How to Restain Wood

Restaining is a basic home improvement skill, used in maintenance and redecoration tasks in equal amount. Even though restaining jobs need specialized power tools and frequently take weeks to finish, no specialized skills are demanded. Excepting large tasks, such as refinishing a wood floor, the labor involved is usually minimal as well. While it might seem like a huge job, especially to a novice, restaining timber is the sort of task nearly anyone can handle.

Set the wood piece onto a drop cloth or a couple of layers of newspapers to protect your flooring, workbench or table.

Distribute chemical stripping agent within the timber piece using a brush. Permit the time directed by the broker’s directions before scraping off the consequent goo using a putty knife to remove the stain, varnish and stripping agent.

Examine the wood piece after you’ve finished scraping off the goo. If substantial quantities of this old end stay, repeat Step 2 to apply a second coat of chemical stripping agent. If only tiny splotches stay, proceed to Step 4.

Sand the wood piece to prepare it for the new blot, with a hand orbital sander for large surfaces and an oscillating tool for corners, edges and hard-to-reach areas. Begin by using 60-grit sandpaper to remove remnants of the old end, then utilize 120-grit sandpaper to sand down the entire surface of the timber piece. Finish the sanding with 240-grit sandpaper to create a smooth surface.

Wipe down the timber item using a clean cloth to remove sawdust and other debris.

Apply the wood stain with a fresh paint brush in long, even strokes. Wait immediately and inspect the timber. If the wood color needs slumping, apply a second coat of stain and inspect it in the morning.

Apply sealant into the timber piece when it has received enough blot and has dried immediately, with a fresh paint brush and long, even strokes. Allow the first coat to dry as directed by the manufacturer, then apply no less than a second coat. High-use or exterior wood items may require a third coat.

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Fuzzy Brown Spots on My Staghorn Fern

Staghorn ferns (Platycerium bifurcatum) can be difficult to grow. They grow as houseplants or outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 12. Fuzzy brown stains on the fronds might have you worried, but they might be perfectly normal areas of the staghorn fern’s life cycle. An incorrectly watered staghorn fern may also develop creamy brownish spots on the fronds.

Fertile Fronds

Unlike flowering plants, staghorn ferns do not reproduce by seeds. Instead staghorn ferns send out thousands of powdery spores to be carried by the wind. The spores develop on the undersides of their lengthy, pronged fronds that provide staghorn ferns their title. Small across brown bumps, called sporangia, kind across the fronds. They can look or feel fuzzy, particularly when they have opened to release the seams.

Sterile Fronds

The staghorn fern additionally has plate- or shield-shaped fronds. These fronds do not produce seams — their aim is to hold the staghorn fern into the tree. As they age, those fronds develop creamy brownish stains, eventually turning entirely brown and dry. They’ll be replaced by new, green fronds as a natural part of the plant’s growth. These spots should not be a cause for anxiety, and will be the equivalent of dropping old leaves in favor of new ones.

Thirsty Fronds

A badly watered staghorn fern may also develop creamy brownish stains. If the stains are on the tops or tips of the fronds and spread so the entire frond starts to turn brown, then the staghorn fern was under-watered and is drying out. It’s normal for a few fronds to turn brown and die, then be replaced with new fronds. If more fronds are demonstrating brown stains than are completely green the root ball of this fern has to be soaked for several minutes to permit the plant to absorb water.

Wet Fronds

Fuzzy brown spots that turn black indicate the staghorn fern has developed a respiratory disease, most commonly rhizoctonia. Letting the staghorn fern to dry out slightly between waterings may remedy this kind of problem. Removing contaminated fronds can also help stop the fungus from spreading to healthy fronds.

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Are Bananas Grown about Bushes?

Bananas (Musa spp.) Are relatively strange-looking fruit that grow on even odder plants. Though bushy in appearance, banana plants aren’t shrubs, but they are also not trees. To make matters more confusing, there’s a plant called a banana shrub (Michelia figo). The bananas you consume are grown on crops that grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9b during 11.

About Shrubs

Shrubs are generally considered perennial plants that have woody stems or trunks and grow to a last height of less than 13 feet. Stems on shrubs are narrow, usually less than 3 inches in diameter, but the major back could be thicker than that.

Banana Plants

There are numerous explanations for why bananas cannot be classified as shrubs. The most obvious is that bananas aren’t woody. They’re leafy using a pseudostem instead of a woody trunk, which a shrub could have. The real stem of a banana grows up through the center of the pseudostem to afterwards produce the flower and fruit of the plant. The root systems also differ. Unlike the root system commonly found with shrubs, bananas grow from rhizomes underground that spread in the exact same manner as several running grasses. Banana plants are also too tall to match the definition of a shrub. While dwarf varieties reach just 6 ft, standard banana plants can tower to a height of 30 feet. A banana plant is classified as a diuretic.

Banana Shrub

The banana shrub may confuse you into believing that it produces bananas or is a part of the banana family, but this plant, that grows in USDA zones 8 through 11, isn’t associated with bananas. It’s a part of the Magnolia family. The title of the shrub comes in the odor of its magnolialike flowersthat have a strong odor like bananas along with a shade reminiscent of ripe bananas. In general, this bush is little compared to banana plants. The shrub grows up to 10 feet tall and broad, but this growth occurs slowly. While the banana shrub does produce fruit, these aren’t bananas.

Fruits Compared

Bananas and also the fruit out of a banana shrub are completely distinct. Botanically, bananas have been berries that grow in clusters, called hands. These fingers have many elongated fruits on them. They’re edible when green but taste best if cooked in that condition. Yellow bananas are those you’re knowledgeable about. Despite the title and scent of the banana shrub, the small brown fruit that measure less than 1/2 inch aren’t edible.

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Floating Plants for Shady Ponds

Floating plants add color to some pond, make shade for fish and other aquatic life and supply food for waterfowl. While most pond plants thrive in full sunlight, some floating trousers grow in full to partial shade. There are 3 categories of floating plants which grow in ponds. Several floating pond plants grow in the warm, Mediterranean-style climates of U.S Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 8 though 10.

Free-Floating Pond Plants

As their name suggests, free-floating plants float across the water’s surface. Wind and water currents move these plants throughout the pond’s surface. Common duckweed (Lena small) and fairy moss (Azolla caroliniana) are among the most frequent free-floating plants, together with duckweed growing most efficiently in shady conditions.

Trailing Floating Pond Plants

Trailing floating plants grow from this pond bed in shallow places and form floating mats on the surface of the water. Plants in this class, including pennywort (Hydocotyle vericillata), favor at least six hours of sun but will grow in partial shade.

Submersed Floating-Leaved Plants

Submersed floating-leaved plants have roots that are anchored to the base of the pond. Their flowers and leaves develop and float on the surface. Common submersed floating-leaved plants include waterlilies (Nymphaea spp.) , spatterdock (Nuphar lutea) and watershield (Brasenia shreberi). While all will grow in shady conditions, spatterdock, also called yellow pond lily, is the most tolerant of reduced levels of sunlight.

Choosing Pond Plants

Choose plants for your pond based on your unique needs, whether it be to include color or provide shade for the fish. For instance, yellow pond lily produces bright yellow blooms, while plants such as duckweed attract and supply food for waterfowl and other aquatic life. Others need regular maintenance to keep them under control.

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The very best Persimmon Tree

Persimmons in the United States are classified as either Oriental (Diospyros kaki) or American (Diospyros virginiana). Under these sorts, dozens of cultivars produce trees differing in appearance and fruit quality. That persimmon tree is the best depends on how you would like to use it. Many different flavors are available if your focus is always on the fruit; and if you’re looking for the easiest to grow or the hardiest, your selection will likely be different as well.


Astringent persimmons have a very bitter and grainy texture when they are under-ripe. Sensors must break down with ripening in order to make them palatable. Once incredibly ripe and jelly-like, they are sweet, and excellent for baking and cookingsoda. “Hachiya” is perhaps the most readily available of the astringent persimmons and can be eaten directly out of the skin with a spoon after a frost has set it to soften. Like the vast majority of Asian persimmons, it grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 7 through 9. The native American Persimmon is also an astringent fruit and is typically harvested after leaf fall.


Non-astringent persimmons are often more attractive to the American crowd who is used to firmer fruit. All these persimmons can be sliced and eaten before they turn to your jelly-like substance. The “Fuyu,” grown in USDA hardiness zones 7 through 9, is the most widely eaten of the type. While they can be used for cooking, they are usually enjoyed for off-the-tree eating.

Growing Patterns

All persimmons present exquisite autumn leaf and have smooth bark. Leaves are large and copious, ranging up to 3 inches wide and 6 inches long. Asian persimmons are usually more compact than American, with Americans growing around 60 feet in height in comparison to the Oriental variety’s maximum height of 30 feet. The vast majority of trees have a curved appearance, with spread being half to equivalent to the height. A couple of exceptions to this include the “Great Wall” astringent persimmon that grows tall and conically with pink shades in the fall. The “Passion Crystal” astringent is a compact persimmon that grows tighter and lower than other alternatives. For those looking for a dwarf variety, the “Giant Hanafuya” is among the smallest persimmons, growing only 10 to 12 feet in stature, but keeping fruit.

Easiest Management

Usually, it is always easiest to grow plants that are natives, making the American persimmon the choice for simplicity of care. It needs to be mentioned that persimmons are very adaptable and garden-friendly plants, which makes even non-natives easy to grow. Even though the vast majority of persimmons survive best in USDA hardiness zones 7 through 9, a couple varieties can withstand colder climates. The American “Early Golden” can flourish through Formula 5, although the “Meader” can endure temperatures as low as -30 F. Asian varieties tend to be less hardy, but the astringent “Tam Kam Non” and also non-astringent “Jiro” can equally do nicely as low as USDA zone 6. Most astringent persimmons require a dash of frost to ripen and shouldn’t be grown in subtropical or tropical areas. If you chose to plant American persimmons, it needs to be noted that this species is either female or male and only the females may produce fruit.

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Non-Leather Rose Garden Gloves

Maintaining your hands free and safe from harm is common sense in the backyard. Roses have thorns that sometimes have a yeasty fungus named Sophorix shenckii. If a gardener gets pricked by a thorn with fungus, it causes an infection that begins with redness, swelling and weeping ulcerations. This infection requires medical attention. While it’s far easier to avoid this harm by wearing gardening gloves, not everyone wishes to use leather gloves. Non-leather and vegan options exist to protect your hands while rose gardening.

Rubber Coated

A few garden gloves are made with flexible, breathable spandex fabric, then covered with rubber over the hands and palms. The rubber moves and bends freely with the gardener’s hands, but is thick enough to prevent pricks from thorns and brambles. The rubber also protects the hands and hand from creating blisters during constant movement work such as digging.

Vegan Garden Gloves

Vegan rose garden gloves are durable, breathable and machine-washable. They are treated with Teflon so they repel soil and water. The hands of the gloves are made with LiquiCell, which prevents blisters when digging, weed pulling or performing other repetitive activities that cause swelling.


Grubbers are fabric garden gloves dipped in nitrile. Nitrile is less allergenic than other rubber, including latex. The gloves protect hands from wet, muddy conditions in addition to from scrapes and thorns. The hands are reinforced, and nitrile has a strong grip for holding garden gear and not developing blisters.


Conventional leather rose garden gloves are long and cover the arms. This really is significant protection when reaching thick rose bushes. Not all vegan gloves come with extended sleeves; nevertheless, vegan pruning heels protect your arms and wrist while leaving the hands free. They adjust easily with a fabric fastener, and can slip over bare hands or garden gloves equally well.

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How to Mount a Trellis to Stucco Without Drilling

A trellis with a climbing vine may be used to pay for an exterior wall, including a stucco wall. If you drill into stucco to install the trellis, you could chip away bits of the stucco. In some cases, screws might be hard to impossible to install, or screwing into the wall could risk damaging pipes or wires installed on the wall. Alternatively, you may use construction adhesive to mount the trellis into stucco. The trellis should be mounted about 2 inches out from the wall to permit space for vines to weave in and out of the trellis.

Clean out the stucco thoroughly to remove all of the debris, using a power washer or mild detergent and a scrub brush. Permit the wall to dry thoroughly before mounting the trellis.

Screw two-by-fours into the rear of the trellis, using 3-inch wood screws and a power drill, if the trellis would break flat against the wall. Attach the trellis into the 4-inch side of their planks to depart a 2-inch gap between the trellis along with stucco wall.

Hold the trellis up against the stucco wall until you achieve the desired position. Mark the wall gently along the outside edges so it is easy to organize the trellis for setup. Be mindful of any parts of the trellis that come in direct contact with all the stucco wall. In the event that you had attach two-by-fours into the rear of the trellis, only the boards must come in contact with the wall.

Apply generous beads of heavy-duty building glue to the points of contact on the trellis, leaving approximately 1/2 inch from the edges free of adhesive. Construction adhesive is available in squeeze tubes or tubes that you use with a caulking gun in which you cut the tip, insert the tube at the caulking gun and squeeze the trigger to apply the building glue. If possible, use a construction adhesive for landscaping, especially designed to mount into masonry surfaces, and choose a material that sets quickly so no bracing is needed.

Line up the trellis with the marks onto the stucco wall, starting at the bottom of the wall, then slowly lift the trellis into position on the stucco wall. Do this immediately after applying construction adhesive to the trellis.

Press firmly on each of parts of the trellis that contain the construction adhesive to ensure good contact between the trellis along with stucco wall.

Apply even pressure to the trellis for approximately 30 seconds until the glue ties to the stucco. If you were not able to find a quick-holding construction adhesive product, the item might require considerably more time to place. You may push two-by-fours against the trellis as a brace, running diagonally in the trellis down to the ground.

Permit 24 hours up to approximately one week to get the construction adhesive to completely cure before training climbing vines to develop on the trellis. Pull gently on the trellis in several areas to ensure a strong hold; apply additional construction adhesive in the gaps between the trellis along with stucco as required to create a stronger bond in weak points.

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How to Pollinate & Grow Peach Trees

Most peach trees (Prunus persica) are recognized as self-pollinators, or plants whose flowers feature both a stamen, the male reproductive organ, and a posture, the female reproductive organ. However, certain varietals, such as “J.H. Hale,” “Candoka” and “Hal-Berta,” aren’t self-pollinators, plus they require another number of peach tree to produce fruit. Although bees commonly pollinate these varieties of coral trees, manual pollination promotes more fruit production, particularly when limited amounts of the pollen-transporting insects are readily available. Peach trees are sturdy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 8 and do best if planted in sandy soil that has reached a temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit.


Soak the whole bare-root peach tree in water for 24 hours prior to planting. Eliminate the peach tree and allow it to air dry. Eliminate any kinked or broken roots using jump hand pruners. Gently pull away any girdled or circling roots from the root ball to separate them.

Pull all weeds and eliminate all vegetation within a 3-foot radius of the proposed planting site to prevent competition for water and nourishment.

Till the soil with a mechanized tiller or garden fork to a thickness of 6 inches and distribute 1 inch of well-decomposed compost above it. Till the ground to incorporate the compost.

Dig a hole in the soil twice as wide and as deep as the root ball of the bare-root peach tree by means of a garden trowel. Rank the peach tree in the soil, making sure the graft union — the top on the back in which the scion combined the origin stock — is between 2 and 4 inches above soil level and facing northeast.

Backfill the peach tree hole halfway with its excavated soil and tamp down gently to eliminate any large air bubbles. Continue filling the hole with the soil line and mound 1 to 2 inches of additional soil around the back. Gently tamp the soil once more.

Irrigate the fruit tree to a depth of 1 foot. It takes 1 gallon of water per square foot to penetrate the soil to a depth of 1 inch, and that means you need about 12 liters of water per square foot.

Dig a 1/2-inch-deep basin slightly wider than the planting hole around the tree for future irrigation. The basin should begin approximately 1 inch away from the back to ensure that the water drains away from the back. In the very first year of planting, add 5 gallons of water to the basin weekly or if the soil feels dry. In following decades, water to a depth of 4 to 6 inches.

Distribute 3 to 6 inches of bark mulch around the tree, then keeping a distance of 3 to 4 inches from the back on all sides.

Use lopping shears to head off the newly planted tree to 18 inches tall to support the growth of lower divisions. Eliminate the weak lateral branches at the division collars so the few left are nicely spaced and distributed evenly around the back.

Move the mulch aside after six weeks and mix 1 pound of 10-10-10 fertilizer with the topsoil using a garden fork, taking care not to damage the main system. Insert 3/4 pound of 10-10-10 in the spring and another 3/4 pound of 10-10-10 in the summers of the subsequent growth years.

Remove all dead, diseased, vertically growing and unhealthy divisions, such as the ones that droop down as the tree grows. Allow approximately 3 years for the peach tree to flower.


Locate a newly opened male flower on a different varietal of peach tree. You may identify a man peach flower by its stamen — a thin cone protruding from the center — by carefully pulling its petals open.

Pluck the male flower from the division and pinch off its outer petals.

Locate a newly opened feminine blossom on the tree. It’s possible to determine a female peach flower by its stance — a group of small spheres in its center — by gently spreading its petals open.

Rub the male flower’s stamen about the female flower’s stigma.

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Furnace Pilot Light Troubleshooting

Any gas furnace uses a pilot light to trigger the burners to heat your home. The pilot light is a small flame that’s either lit manually and also stays burning around the clock or is attached electronically through an igniter once the machine kicks. Standard maintenance and troubleshooting are part of the maintenance on a chimney to guarantee the pilot light stays functioning.


The hint of the pilot light in which the gas comes out and ignites is a harbor for collecting soot, grime and grit over recent years. From time to time, this hint can get clogged with debris that blocks the flow of gas, leading to a pilot light that won’t stay lit. As a general rule, a toothbrush or a small, stiff brush is enough to wash the tip. If you would like to be thorough, turn off the gas for your chimney, completely remove the hint and soak it in degreasing solution, such as what is used to remove grime from stovetops. After the debris was removed, the pilot light should remain lit on its own. For best results, wash the pilot light every few months to prevent it from becoming clogged.

Flame Adjustment

Flame adjusters control the size of the pilot light’s flame. If the flame is too small, it won’t kick the burners. Not all furnaces have a fire adjuster. If yours does (refer to your owner’s manual), then it will be a small bolt or a small screw near the pilot light itself. In most cases, there should be a sticker or label near the pilot light that definitely details which direction to turn the screw to adjust the size of the fire. If in doubt, make small adjustments to the screw/bolt and examine the visible size of the fire while the pilot light is lit. Occasionally during routine cleaning, or because of vibration of the unit, this alteration can accidentally be turned down, leading to a flame that’s too tiny.


Your furnace requires fuel to keep the pilot light engaged along with the burners working. If there’s a leak, if there is no gas in the reservoir or the valve from the reservoir is turned away, gas will not arrive in the pilot light. Check to ensure your tank has lots of fuel, if applicable. Then, check to ensure that all valves along the supply line have been turned on. Finally, check for leaks. A visible smell of petrol is 1 indication, but if you are in doubt, coat any pipe connections with a combination of dish soap and water. If there are leaks, bubbles appear on the surface of the alternative. Leaks need to be repaired immediately to avoid potentially catastrophic outcomes.

Ignition Switch

If your furnace is an electronic prototype with an automatic ignition for the pilot light but it won’t mild, there may be an issue with the ignition. To ascertain this, turn off the thermostat. For best results, turn it off at the breaker box and wait a few minutes to turn everything back on. Occasionally this resets the machine. After you turn the device back on, then listen and watch to see whether the furnace kicks on and the ignition discharges. If your unit has a hot surface igniter, it should start to glow to prepare to ignite the burner. If none of these things occurs while electricity to the furnace is turned on, then there’s an electronic issue that has to be evaluated and repaired by a licensed professional.

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What to Consider When Using Starter Grass Fertilizer

Seeding a new yard requires more than hard work along with some grass seed. Applying a starter grass fertilizer to the soil before spreading the seed gives the plants a boost by helping with root institution. Starter grass fertilizer is high in potassium to gain the main system of the germinated seed. This helps set the grass before the significant green growth happens.

Fertilizer Components

Starter grass fertilizer includes nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The tag will show the substances as N-P-K along with the ratio identifying how much of each is in the mixture. Phosphorus is necessary for grass root development and represented as the highest amount in the ratio. Nitrogen promotes green growth and is not required in high amounts until after germination and root development. Potassium can also be low in starter fertilizer and never required in high amounts until the grass begins growing and spreading.

Application Period

Starter fertilizer is effective when applied before seeding so that the active ingredients are available during turf establishment. Insert the fertilizer to the soil before planting by spreading it over the soil and working it in with a shovel or rake into a depth of 2 to 4 inches. Avoid tilling the fertilizer into the soil to stop it from becoming too heavy to get the roots to obtain the nutrients.

Application Rate

The University of California recommends an application rate of 20 pounds of a 5-10-5 starter fertilizer for every 1,000 square-feet of yard or 10 pounds of a 10-20-10 starter fertilizer. Avoid using a starter fertilizer that contains more than 1 pound of nitrogen for every 1,000 square-foot of yard to stop issues with germination. A 5-10-5 starter fertilizer applied at a rate of 20 pounds contains the maximum 1 pound of nitrogen.


Buy a house soil test kit to help determine the starter fertilizer ratio that best fits the needs of your dirt. The test results will indicate if there are some mineral deficiencies that can be fixed before planting grass seed. Avoid applying starter fertilizer to add nutrients to the soil before completing a soil test, in order to prevent issues with seed germination and growth.

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